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Wing Chun (also Ving Tsun or Wing Tsun) is a concept-based fighting system, specialising in close-range combat, which emphasizes attack and defense along an imaginary vertical line drawn from above the top of the head, down the middle of the face, chest and lower body – otherwise known as (Jic Seen) centre-line theory .

Here the idea is to maintain your centre-line and consider the centre-line of your opponent and the shortest distance it takes in which to attack it.   This is because the human body’s prime striking targets are considered to be on or near this line, including eyes, nose, throat, solar plexus and groin.

Wing Chun also emphasizes the importance of  “good structure”, keeping the practitioner’s weight effectively “rooted”, or aligned over the legs so as to be braced against the ground.

Other principles of Wing Chun include accuracy and how you use energy.

In Wing Chun it is considered essential to be correct and accurate with your applications. (Interestingly Ip Man named his sons Ip Chun and Ip Ching, ‘Chun’ meaning accuracy and ‘Ching’ meaning correct). With that accurateness you must also apply the right amount of energy, too much or too little will result in your own defeat.

Relaxation is also very important. If your body is tense and rigid, your opponent can use this energy to fight back against you or make you tired. When training always consider how to use less energy to defeat greater energy.

Chi Sau & Forms

These Wing Chun principles are trained through various means, most notably Chi Sau, the three open hand forms: Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu & Biu Tze, and the wooden dummy form Muk Yan Jong.

Chi Sau is considered unique to wing chun, although there are comparisons with Tai Chi’s pushing hands, as a way of exploring wing chun’s various hand techniques, positioning, energy use, and developing sensitivity and reflexes. Ultimately all these elements
should combine to improve ones fighting ability, as Chi Sau is often referred to as the bridge between the techniques of the forms and free fighting.

The three open hand forms are generally taught sequentially with Siu Lim Tao (little idea) introducing many of the basic techniques and principles of wing chun; Chum Kiu (bridging the gap) then follows by building upon these techniques and principles, as well as introducing movements designed to engage an opponent, footwork, kicks, stances, recovery etc.; Biu Tze (darting fingers) again builds on what’s gone before and is generally considered to contain many of wing chun’s most devastating techniques such as elbows and thrusting fingers. Biu Tze is also often regarded as the “emergency form” with movements designed to aid recovery from mistakes or when under serious pressure.

The Muk Yan Jong form is performed against a “wooden dummy”, a thick wooden post with three arms and a leg mounted on a slightly springy frame representing a stationary human opponent.  Applying blocks and strikes, as well as kicks from the open hand forms, and additional moves, practice of this form aims to refine understanding of angles, positioning, and footwork.

Wing Chun Books:


Wing Chun
Wing Chun: Traditional Chinese Kung Fu for Self Defence and Health Includes Qigong Training
Mastering Wing Chun
Simply Wing Chun Kung Fu
Path to Wing Chun
The Wing Chun Compendium
Wing Chun Kung Fu: The Wooden Dummy
Traditional Wooden Dummy: Ip Man’s Wing Chun System
Wing Chun – Siu Lim Tau For The Solo Student
Complete Wing Chun (Tuttle Martial Arts)
Wing Chun Warrior: The True Tales of Wing Chun Kung Fu Master Duncan Leung, Bruce Lee’s Fighting Companion
Wing Chun Kung-fu: 1
Wing Chun: the Works
Why Wing Chun Works
Simple Thinking:Intelligent Fighter: Why Wing Chun Works Ll: Simple Thinking: Intelligent Fighters Vol 2 (Martial Arts)
Modern Wing Chun Kung Fu: A Guide to Practical Combat and Self-Defense
116 Wing Tsun Dummy Techniques
IP Man: Portrait of a Kung Fu Master

Wing Chun DVD’s:

Ip Man [DVD] [2008]
Ip Man 2 [DVD]
Austin Goh – Wing Chun Advanced [DVD]
IP Chun Wing Chun
Wing Chun For Beginners [2002] [DVD]
Austin Goh – Wing Chun For Intermediate [DVD]
Alan Gibson – Beginning Wing Chun [DVD]
Wing Chun: Chi Sau [DVD] [2007]

Wing Chun Clothing & Equipment:

Wing Chun and Kung FU Wall Bags Kickboxing Martial Arts Striking Wall Punchbags 3 section Unfilled

Martial Arts Scotland Wing Chun Pages:
List your Wing Chun Club here: Martial Arts Scotland Club Quicklink directory
Join our growing list of Clubs
Find a Wing Chun club near you

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